Climate change vocabulary you NEED to know

Climate change is the change we see in the earth’s weather. It can include changes in temperature, wind patterns, and rainfall. Do you know the words connected with climate change?

Use the words or expressions from the box below to fill the gaps in the sentences. Look up the words in Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries and use the information in the entry to help you.

carbon, carbon debt, carbon dioxide, carbon footprint, climate, climate change, climate emergency, global warming, greenhouse effect, zero-carbon


1. A _______________ city is powered exclusively by renewable energy sources.

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zero-carbon

2. Green vehicles have lower ___________ emissions than normal vehicles.

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carbon

3. More and more cities around the world have declared a __________________.

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climate emergency

4. She is studying the effects of __________________ on different ecosystems.

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climate change OR global warming

5. The company is considering ways to reduce its ______________.

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carbon footprint

6. The ____________________ is the warming of the Earth’s atmosphere as a result of harmful gases.

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greenhouse effect

7. There is compelling evidence to suggest that ______________ is responsible for melting the Earth’s glaciers.

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climate change OR global warming

8. There is now abundant evidence that human activity is affecting the ______________.

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climate

9. The simplest thing we can do to start repaying our individual ______________  is to plant trees.

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carbon debt

10. ________________ is produced when we burn fossil fuels.

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carbon dioxide

How many did you get? Let us know in the comments!

Want more?

You can build your topic vocabulary with the groups of words related to the environment, such as climate change, in this mini-dictionary.

Next step! Take our EXTREME Weather Quiz!

 

Author: Oxford University Press ELT

The official global blog for Oxford University Press English Language Teaching. Bringing teachers and learners top quality resources, tools, hints and tips, news, ideas, insights and discussions to help people around the world to learn English.

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