Waste and pollution are two words that are frequently used when talking about the environment. Waste is the act of using something in a careless or unnecessary way, causing it to be lost or destroyed, and pollution is the process of making air, water, soil, etc. dirty.
Fill the gap in each sentence with one word or expression from the box. Look up the words in Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries and use the information in the entry to help you.
1. Bacteria are necessary in order to create ____________ from food waste.Click here to reveal the answer.
2. _________________ can come from large plastics that are broken down by the environment.Click here to reveal the answer.
3. Dumping waste in the river will __________________ the local water supply.Click here to reveal the answer.
4. Packaging often contains plastics which are not __________________ .Click here to reveal the answer.
5. Nitrates ___________ from the soil into rivers.Click here to reveal the answer.
6. Sulphur dioxide emissions that cause _____________ have been reduced by 57% in Canada.Click here to reveal the answer.
7. Too much toxic waste is being __________________ at sea.Click here to reveal the answer.
8. Waste ______________ is a big issue around the world.Click here to reveal the answer.
9. We keep ____________________ to a minimum by sourcing products locally.Click here to reveal the answer.
How many did you get? Let us know in the comments!
You can build your topic vocabulary with the groups of words related to the environment, such as waste and pollution, in this mini-dictionary.
Why not try our Conservation (C1-C2) vocabulary exercise too? Or try an easier activity with our Waste and pollution (A1-B2) words?